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Genome Analyses of Single Human Oocytes (Dec 2013)

cell
Title:
Genome Analyses of Single Human Oocytes
Journal:
Cell, Vol. 155, Issue 7, p1492–1506, 2013
Author(s):
Yu Hou, Wei Fan, Liying Yan, Rong Li, Ying Lian, Jin Huang, Jinsen Li, Liya Xu, Qiao J
 

 

Short description:
MALBAC genome amplification and high-throughput sequencing of the two polar bodies allowed inference of the health status of the oocyte, both in terms of aneuploidy and single-nucleotide variants associated with Mendelian diseases, demonstrating proof of principle for MALBAC-based preimplantation genomic screening in IVF.
Link to the journal
 

 

Abstract taken from PubMed

Abstract:
Single-cell genome analyses of human oocytes are important for meiosis research and preimplantation genomic screening. However, the nonuniformity of single-cell whole-genome amplification hindered its use. Here, we demonstrate genome analyses of single human oocytes using multiple annealing and looping-based amplification cycle (MALBAC)-based sequencing technology. By sequencing the triads of the first and second polar bodies (PB1 and PB2) and the oocyte pronuclei from same female egg donors, we phase the genomes of these donors with detected SNPs and determine the crossover maps of their oocytes. Our data exhibit an expected crossover interference and indicate a weak chromatid interference. Further, the genome of the oocyte pronucleus, including information regarding aneuploidy and SNPs in disease-associated alleles, can be accurately deduced from the genomes of PB1 and PB2. The MALBAC-based preimplantation genomic screening in in vitro fertilization (IVF) enables accurate and cost-effective selection of normal fertilized eggs for embryo transfer.
Link to the paper on PubMed
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