When a woman agrees to carry a child for another woman with the intention of surrendering the child at birth. There are two types of surrogacy: genetic (the surrogate is genetically related to the child) and gestational (the surrogate carries the foetus but is not genetically related to it). In terms of surrogacy arrangements, there are altruistic (no payment) and commercial (payment) arrangements.

Surrogacy is most often used to allow women who are unable to carry a child, but whose eggs are viable, to have a genetically-related child. Many surrogacies involve no financial considerations between the parties involved. In other cases there may be an agreement to compensate the surrogate for expenses and, perhaps, lost wages, involved while carrying the child.

In the United States, the issue of surrogacy was widely publicised in the case of Baby M, in which the surrogate and biological mother of Melissa Stern ("Baby M"), born in 1986, refused to cede custody of Melissa to the couple with whom she had made the surrogacy agreement. The courts of New Jersey eventually awarded custody to Melissa's biological father William Stern and his wife Elizabeth Stern, rather than to the surrogate Mary Beth Whitehead.

 

Country

 Region

 Surrogacy

Argentina 

Latin America

no policy

Australia 

Oceania

commercial prohibited; unrecognized

Austria 

Europe

PROHIBITED

Belgium

Europe

no policy

Brazil

Latin America

no policy

Canada

Northern America

commercial prohibited

China

Asia

PROHIBITED

Columbia

Latin America

no policy

Croatia

Europe

no policy

Czech Republic

Europe

no policy

Denmark

Europe

commercial prohibited; unrecognized

Ecuador

Latin America

no policy

Egypt

Africa

no policy

Finland

Europe

PROHIBITED

France

Europe

PROHIBITED

Germany

Europe

PROHIBITED

Greece

Europe

commercial prohibited

Hungary

Europe

permitted

India

Asia

commercial allowed

Israel

Asia

commercial prohibited

Italy

Europe

PROHIBITED

Japan

Asia

unrecognized

Jordan

Asia

no policy

Latvia

Europe

PROHIBITED

Malaysia

Asia

no policy

Morocco

Africa

no policy

Netherlands

Europe

commercial prohibited

New Zealand

Oceania

commercial prohibited; unrecognized

Norway

Europe

PROHIBITED

Peru

Latin America

no policy

Philippines

Asia

no policy

Poland

Europe

PROHIBITED

Portugal

Europe

no policy

Romania

Europe

no policy

Russia

Europe

commercial allowed

Singapore

Asia

PROHIBITED

Slovenia

Europe

PROHIBITED

South Africa

Africa

no policy

South Korea

Asia

no policy

Spain

Europe

unrecognized

Sweden

Europe

PROHIBITED

Switzerland

Europe

PROHIBITED

Taiwan

Asia

PROHIBITED

Thailand

Asia

no policy

Tunisia

Africa

PROHIBITED

Turkey

Asia

PROHIBITED

Ukraine

Europe

commercial allowed

United Kingdom

Europe

commercial prohibited

United States of America

Northern America

no policy

Uruguay

Latin America

no policy

Venezuela

Latin America

no policy

Vietnam

Asia

PROHIBITED

Retrieved from "http://www.biopolicywiki.org/index.php?title=Surrogacy"

 

The site is not a replacement for professional medical opinion, examination, diagnosis or treatment. Do not delay seeking or disregard medical advice based on information written by any author on this site. No health questions or information on IVF-Worldwide.com is regulated or evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration or any other administration, and therefore the information should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease without the supervision of a medical doctor. Posts made to these forums express the views and opinions of the author only, and serve as an open forum to discuss clinical issues among experts in the field.

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